A Keyboard/Video/Mouse(KVM) switch lets you use the same keyboard, mouse and monitor to control multiple computers. This helps you save desk space and money as you can use the same peripherals to control and view each of the computers you connect.
If you have a dual screen setup, and you would like to connect multiple computers up to your monitors, people will tell you to spend a large amount of money to get a KVM switch which will handle this.
For a dual screen KVM switch which you can connect 4 computers, you are looking at spending around $500 and you are also likely to have to spend additional money on the cables, and these can cost more than the switch itself. It is almost worth purchasing extra monitors and peripherals to control your computers, instead of buying one of the really fancy switches.
This article will show you a cheaper option to achieve the same result. Halving the cost comes with the most minor of drawbacks:
- Switching can no longer be done through the keyboard (still works for one screen).
- To switch computers, you will need to press two buttons instead of one.
Instead of spending $500 on a dual monitor KVM switch, I bought two single monitor KVM switches for $100 each. Another bonus is that four port, single monitor KVM switches often include the cables meaning you do not have to purchase them separately. They are available in USB and PS/2 variations, with both costing similar amounts.
From a major electronics retailer, I purchased a 4 port PS/2 KVM switch and a USB KVM switch for $AU100 each and they both came with all the cables I needed. If you look around online or in smaller computer shops, you can probably get them for much cheaper. The point is, you can get the same results for less than $200 as opposed to the $500 do-it-all KVM switch.
I am currently running a Windows XP computer and a Windows Vista computer. I am using one wireless keyboard and one wireless mouse, each with their own receiver. Both of the computers output their display to the same two monitors. I switch between the computers by pressing 2 buttons. I sometimes have computers that I am fixing attached to the KVM switch also, allowing me to do all my work in the one place.
In my case, the KVM switches do not have their own power source. They are supplied power through either the USB or the PS/2 ports. I was disappointed when I bought my USB KVM switch to find that it had PS/2 connectors for the mouse and keyboard inputs, and USB was only used for the connection to the computers.
I have connected one monitor, keyboard and mouse to the PS/2 KVM switch. Only a monitor and USB connections are connected to the USB KVM switch making it solely a monitor switcher. A picture says a thousand words.
As you can see, drawing is not my strong point, but this picture does show the connections that need to be made. Luckily, KVM cables contain either Video and USB connections or Video and PS/2 connections. Some also contain audio cables. Either way, there are a fair few cables involved for any KVM setup.
The USB KVM switch would not allow for me to enter the BIOS on machine startup as the computers did not recognise the keyboard at this stage of the boot up. Once I was in Windows, everything worked fine for me. That is why I used the PS/2 KVM for keyboard and mouse input. You are able to use two USB KVM switches only, but you may come across the same problem. It may have been something to do with the keyboard I was using.
With this setup, pressing “PC 1” on both KVM switches will bring up Windows XP, and “PC 2” on both KVM switches will bring up Windows Vista.
If you are very handy and technically savvy, there is no reason why you could not build your own box to store both KVM switches, and even re-wire them so you only need to press one button. This is too complicated for me to try but it is bound to be possible. I prefer pressing the two buttons because I know it works.
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